Just like in reading, where we have identified a range of core or foundational reading skills which are then supplemented by a range of more advanced skills, I am seeing the same structure with questioning skills. I believe there are a range of basic skills which enable us as effective questioners and a further more complex set of skills that then empower us as skilled questioners. The QuESTioning Rubric as outlined on my website and in the Questioning-skills wiki target the foundational questioning skills. These foundational skills are outlined below on the left. Alongside these skills are the advanced skills that further empower and effective questioner. I am sure that there is still more to add to this list because the deeper I work in questioning with people the more there is to discover.
Foundational Questioning Skills
Advanced Questioning Skills
Ability to recognise prior knowledge
Ability to identify significant components of information need.
Ability to identify an information need
Aware of, and able to strategically analyse and compensate for own world view, inferences, assumptions, bias, prejudice and fragile, ritual or naïve knowledge.
Ability to identify and understand the relevant contextual vocabulary.
Ability to locate and understand specific contextual vocabulary, knowing that words carry different meanings in different contexts and that specific contexts also often contain specific specialty vocabulary.
Ability to create a range of relevant questions.
Aware of how question phrasing can impact on the answer gained and able to construct questions accordingly. Able to phrase a question in different to make it suitable for the particular source being utilised.
Ability to take questions to a range of appropriate sources.
Ability to recognise the most appropriate available sources for specific types of information from the range of source options.
Ability to persist with questioning.
Ability to apply advanced questioning skills to troubleshoot the questioning process.
Ability to edit questions where necessary including the use of relevant synonyms of key contextual words
Ability to re-phrase questions.
Ability to ask subsequent questions.
Ability to recognise the answers and extract the relevant needed information
Ability to use a range of appropriate strategies when extracting answers from non-intelligent sources.
Ability to recognise relevant and irrelevant answers
Ability to recognise, read, and interpret body language and question avoidance.